CEPAD is working to help fight corruption at two levels:
1. Improving public knowledge on corruption through a permanent civic education campaign
2. Pushing for the adoption of national policies, legislation and public programmes that reflect consensus-oriented recommendations to corruption, collusion and nepotism (locally known as KKN), through inclusive and participatory countrywide consultations
Permanent Civic Education Campaign
After successfully lobbying the Ministry of Education to introduce KKN issues in classrooms, CEPAD’s illustrated story book ’Baino and Binoi‘ was integrated as a reference book for grades 5 and 6 in primary schools in 2014. In 2015 the story book was officially launched across Timor-Leste’s 13 Municipalities, involving 86 central schools, 216 teachers and CEPAD focal points, and 3,220 grade 5 and 6 students.
This storybook complements CEPAD’s full KKN package, consisting of an anti corruption action manual, the ’Baino and Binoi‘ story book, a KKN Film, a KKN music record, radio interviews and two TV debates. Through the distribution of these materials to all municipalities, along with 42 focus group discussions targeting 10,494 community members, CEPAD is learning about the different challenges people face and identifying opportunities to further grow its KKN program.
A focus group discussion (FGD) participant in Lautem Municipality explained: “I want to take home the story book, DVDs and KKN songs, because I myself want to study these materials. I would like to volunteer my time to share this information to my family and friends so that they are also informed about what corruption, collusion and nepotism are. For that reason, I am very happy to attend this FGD.”
Adoption of national policies, legislation and public programmes to address KKN
United under the Group Promoting Change (GPC), key policy and public opinion makers, are influencing major institutions and bringing about change. The GPC is an advocacy coalition of 26 members aiming to facilitate the connection between research, policy recommendations and their practical implementation.
The GPC is an action-oriented entity mandated, first and foremost, to analyse the feasibility of the recommendations elaborated by CEPAD and, if necessary, to adjust them in order to facilitate their implementation. Part of its mandate also involves managing the political space within which these recommendations will be presented to key decision-makers in order to ensure multi-partisan political support and long-term commitment to their implementation.
The GPC has been contributing to policy change through meeting with representatives of the four sovereign organs of the State as well as others stakeholders with strong political influence. In 2014 some members of the GPC that include key individuals from State institutions, Church and Civil society, Dr. Leovigildo Hornai, Dr. Dionisio Babo, Dr. Luis Sampaio, Father Domingos Alves, Dr. Zelia Trindade and Dr. Manuel Tilman held an audience with the President of the National Parliament Dr. Vicente Guterres, President of the Court of Appeal Dr. Guilhermino da Silva and the Dili Bishop Mgr. Dom Alberto Ricardo Da Silva to explain the role and mandate of the GPC. This includes pushing for changes in existing laws that will benefit society, particularly the draft anti corruption law and laws to regulate political parties.
As part of the GPC mandate to contribute to the implementation of the recommendations coming from the KKN National Working Group, and to manage the political space within which these recommendations sit, members have actively contributed to identifying gaps in the draft anti-corruption legislation and formulating solutions to fill these. On 10 March 2015, they presented a gap map on the draft anti corruption legislation to the Anti Corruption Commission (CAC) who will incorporate their submission in its new version of Anti Corruption law.
CEPAD’s KKN program is made possible through a multiyear partnership with MISEREOR and the support of Interpeace and the Global Organisation of Parliamentarians against Corruption Timor-Leste chapter (GOPAC-TL). Support is also provided through a grant from the Australian Embassy in Timor-Leste’s Direct Action Program for the development of a KKN training module. Previous partners include FOTI Timor-Leste (funded by Millennium Challenge Corporation and USAID).